Admiral Adam Johann von Krusenstern, in the ship Nadezhda (Hope), and
accompanied by Lisianski in the ship Teva, made the first of a
long series of Russian voyages from Cronstadt to the Russian American colonies.
Prior to 1799 there were several Russian companies in Alaska. They derived their supplies
overland through Siberia. In 1799 a new company - the Russian American Company - was organized
and given very large powers. This company completely supplanted all previous ones, and it
adopted the policy of sending to the colonies an annual supply ship - or rather two of them,
for they sailed, after the custom of the time, in pairs for mutual assistance. Krusenstern
commanded the first one sent out, the Nadezhda, which, sailing from Cronstadt on July 26,
1803, rounded Cape Horn and arrived in Petropavlovsk on July 31, 1804. Refitting here,
Krusenstern sailed on August 27, 1804, on a diplomatic mission to Japan. The winter, one of
disappointment and failure, was spent in Japan, and on April 5, 1805, Krusenstern sailed
away and, cruising northward along the Japanese coast and Kurile islands, arrived in
Petropavlovsk in June. On board the Nadezhda were, among others, the chancellor Resanof,
Kotzebue, Langsdorf, and Shemelin. Resanof and Langsdorf left the Nadezhda at Petropavlovsk,
and on June 23, 1805, Krusenstern sailed for home, arriving in Cronstadt on August 7, 1806.
Both Krusenstern and Lisianski had served in the English navy. Krusenstern
became an admiral in the Russian navy and published extensively respecting the hydrography
of the North Pacific. In 1809-10 he published, in Russian, an account of this,voyage. This
appeared in German in 1810-1812, in French in 1821, and in English in 1831. He also published
an atlas of the Pacific ocean in 1827, accompanied by a collection of hydrographic memoirs
explanatory thereof. For a brief account of the voyage, see Journal of the Russian Hydrographic
Office, 1849, Vol. VII, pp. 6-26. The accounts by Langsdorf, Lisianski, and Shemelin cover
parts of the voyage.
Full Pilot Kuritzien made a survey of Umnak island in or before the year 1849.
His map is reproduced as a subsketch in Tebenkof's atlas sheet xxv. No particulars concerning
him are known to the writer.