John Murdoch was a member of Ray's party at Point Barrow, 1881-1883
as naturalist and observer. The natural history in Ray's report (pp. 89-200) was written by
him. Murdoch also studied the Eskimo, acquired some knowledge of their language, and published,
in 1892, Ethnological Results of the Point Barrow Expedition, in the Ninth Annual Report of
the Bureau of Ethnology, 1887-88, pp. 1-441.