after the American colonies had declared themselves free and independent, Capt. James Cook,
R. N., the great English navigator, sailed f rom Plymouth, England (July l2, 1776), on his
third and last voyage of discovery. He had two ships, the Resolution and Discovery.
He commanded the Resolution and Capt. Charles Clerke the Discovery. The ships proceeded to
Teneriffe, Cape of Good Hope, Kerguelen Land, Van Dieman's Land, New Zealand, Friendly isles,
Tahiti, Christmas island, Hawaiian islands, and to Nootka sound in Vancouver island, where
they arrived on March 30, 1778. Between this date and October 3, 1778, Cook cruised northward
and westward along the American coast to Icy cape, in the Arctic ocean, and sketched the
chief outlines of this coast, hitherto practically unknown. Leaving Unalaska on October 27,
1778, he returned to the Hawaiian islands, where he was killed by the natives on February 14,
1779. The British Admiralty published in 1784-85 an account of this voyage in three quarto
volumes and a large atlas.
Rev. William Coxe, archdeacon of Wilts, spent some
time in St. Petersburg prior to 1780 and while there specially interested himself in the
discoveries made by the Russians between Asia and America between 1741 and the date of his
writing. His results were published in 1780 under the title Account of the Russian Discoveries
between Asia and America, etc. This passed through several editions, the third appearing at
London in 1787 and the fourth in 1803. Two French translations appeared in 1781 and a German
one in 1783. This is an important work for the student of Alaskan exploration and geography.
In it are the first published accounts of the voyages of Shalaurof, 1761-1763; Sind,
1764-1768; and Krenitzin and Levashef, 1764-1771.