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The History of Eagle, Alaska

Photo of Eagle, Alaska and the Yukon River. The City of Eagle and Eagle Village are located on the Taylor Highway, 12 miles west of the Alaska-Canadian border. Eagle is on the left bank of the Yukon River at the mouth of Mission Creek. The Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve is northwest of the area. It lies at approximately 64 47' N Latitude, 141 12' W Longitude (Sec. 31, T001S, R033E, Fairbanks Meridian). The community is located in the Fairbanks Recording District. The area encompasses 1 sq. miles of land and 0 sq. miles of water.

Photo of the headquarters of Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve, Eagle, Alaska The area has been the historical home to Han Kutchin Indians. Established as a log house trading station called "Belle Isle" around 1874, it operated intermittently as a supply and trading center for miners working the upper Yukon and its tributaries. Eagle City was founded in 1897, and was named after the nesting eagles on nearby Eagle Bluff. By 1898, the population had grown to over 1,700. Eagle was the first incorporated city in the Interior, in January 1901. A U.S. Army camp was established in 1899, and Fort Egbert was completed in 1900. The Valdez-Eagle Telegraph line was completed in 1903. By 1910, Fairbanks and Nome gold prospects had lured away many, and the population had declined to 178. Fort Egbert was abandoned in 1911.

A Guide to Eagle, Alaska

Alaska Community Histories Index

Eagle Historical Society & Museums
A well-illustrated guide to the community from a historical perspective.

The History of Eagle Village
This is the Indian village 3 miles from the main community.

All-American Mail Route in Alaska, 1899
A newspaper article describes the opening of the mail route between Eagle and Valdez.

2009 Flood
In May 2009, an ice jam on the Yukon River caused extensive damage in Eagle.

Roald Amundsen Cabin
Arctic explorer Roald Amundsen was one of Eagle's most famous temporary residents. Alaska DCCED Community Database Online

Photographs are © 1999-2013 by Murray Lundberg.

History and map graphic used with permission from the Alaska Department of Community and Economic Development