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Windy Arm Silver Mining - Chronology

by Murray Lundberg


Mining in the North

Fractured Veins & Broken Dreams: Montana Mountain and the Windy Arm Stampede



Abbreviations used:
ACC: Anglican Church of Canada
BYGMCo: British Yukon Gold Mines, Ltd.
CBCo: Conrad Bonanza Mines
CCMCo: Conrad Consolidated Mines
GOV---: YTG files, YA code
GS: GSC Reports
HGD: H.G. Dickson, D.L.S.
JT: J.B. Tyrrell reports
JHC: J.H. Conrad
M: Montana newspapers
McK: William McKenzie
MP: NWMPolice Reports
Star: Whitehorse Star
UK: United Keno Hill brochure
YDGMCo: Yukon District Gold Mining Co.

  • 1860 (?): JHC born in Virginia, 1 of 13 children

  • 1874: JHC arrives in Montana at age 14 (M)

  • 1885: JHC driving cattle around Yellowstone (M)

  • July 10, 1893: first staking in the Wheaton Valley, by Thomas Kiorman, Frank Corwin, Christ Heinecke and August Germerslomer (Star, Sept 14, 1906).

  • Fall 1893: JHC files for divorce from Mabel

  • July 13, 1899: Wm. R. Young locates Montana Mine

  • July 24, 1900: J.M. Pooley locates Mountain Hero Mine

  • 1901: Montana Mine bonded to New York interests (Ormsby, 1907)

  • August 29, 1901: J.M. Pooley iocates Venus; J.M. Stewart, Uranus

  • 1902: JHC sends experts up (?)
            - JHC bonds Montana Mine for $250,000 (Ormsby 1907)
            - Mr. Hodnott stakes in Wheaton (Star, Sept 14, 19O6)

  • 1903: valuable quartz mines found near Carcross (MP)
            - stampede to Kluane
            - Boundary dispute: NWMP top out at 300 (?)

  • January 17, 1903: first news of Tanana gold, brought by Jujiro Wada, appears in Dawson newspapers.

  • June 20, 1903: JHC has mining property in Ketchikan, plans on building smelter, is visiting Whse Copper Belt (Star)

  • August 5, 1903: Ira Petty locates "Joe Petty" and "Little Johnny" (GOV1995,2877)

  • 1904: stampede to Tanana (MP)
            - North American recession hits; worst since 1890s.

  • February 2, 1904: J.M. Pooley, J.M. Stewart et al applies For 80acres, Pooley Ck. (GOV1952)

  • February 29, 1904: JHC gets Free Miners Cert. in Whse.

  • March 1, 1904: JHC visits Copper Belt and Kluane (Star)

  • May 17, 1904: JHC arrives as representative of syndicate which has bonded the Arctic Chief copper property (Star)

  • May 23, 1904: JHC has the Gov't diamond drill, is setting up camp at Arctic Chief (Star)

  • June 1904: NWMP awarded the title "Royal"

  • June 4, 1904: JHC's mother dies in Kalispell (Star)

  • June 9, 12, 1904: JHC at Bullion Ck (Star)

  • July 15, 1904: Capt. John Irving & JHC off to Atlin to look after mining interests (Star)

  • Summer 1904: there was no warm weather at all (MP)

  • December 1, 1904: NWMP numbers 300

  • January 10, 1905: JHC in Whse after 10-day trip to Windy Arm, where he optioned silver property [probably Montana] (Star)

  • January 11, 1905: JHC and William Clark hire the 4-man crew from the Copper King, including George Erickson, to start work at Windy Arm (Star).

  • March 1905: Windy Arm mines start (MP)

  • March 22, 1905: George Dail locates "Vault". (GOV1996,295b)

  • Spring 1905: Gold Hill discoveries by "Scottie" [Morrison|, backed by JHC (Ormsby, 1907)

  • June 26, 1905: G.A. Singer reports to stockholders that Montana Mine vein has $12 Million ore in sight. (Star November 14)

  • July 2, 1905: James Murray locates "Caribou". Sold to HR October 20/05. Caribou is heart of Big Thing Group; also Vanguard, Pride of Yukon, Pride of Yukon No. 2, Nipper Fraction, Eureka and Eureka No. 2. (GOV1997,2997)

  • July 3, 1905: G.A. Singer applies for 160 acres at Conrad City. (GOV1953,560)
            - JHC applies for 160 acres at Conrad City. (GOV1953,561)

  • July 22, 1905: Thistle and Aurora located (GOV198l,630)

  • July 26, 1905: JHC and G.A. Singer return from Seattle; material for first tramway ordered, plus 50 mules & horses (Star)

  • July 28, 1905: Windy Arm mines have cost JHC $250,000 (Star)
            - JHC says he has been mining in Montana for 35 years.
            - WP&YR has a force of men surveying a branch line to Conrad City

  • August 3, 1905: $5,000 appropriated for Windy Arm road. (GOV1912)

  • August 7, 1905: Billy Weidieppe fitting pack saddles on mules.
            - 5 claims being worked, 100 men working.
            - Barney J. McGee gets first hotel licence for Conrad City, is shipping in hotel and general store outfits (Star)

  • August 8, 1905: WP&Y delays railroad to Conrad City until 1906 (Star)

  • August 14, 1905: Conrad Consolidated, Conrad-Bonanza, and J.H. Conrad companies operating.
            - 60 men working in Montana, Mtn Hero mines, in three 8—hr shifts, with Herman Vance foreman. Smaller crew on Uranus & Venus, with George Erickson sub-foreman.
            - F.W. Farrington brought from Colorado as assayer.
            - tramway being installed by R.H. Lanyon of Nelson, BC, with 50 men.
            - tent city springing up.
            - telephone system has been installed to the mines.

  • August 15, 1905: Star arranges for correspondent at Conrad City (Jack Hope).
            - gov't road approved to Conrad City; Robert Lowe and Harry Dickson leave (or Carcross (Star).
            - the Gleaner Look high explosives to Conrad City and Atlin, with the barge Taku loaded with lumber for tram.

  • August 16, 1905: 300 people in Conrad City last night (Star)

  • August 17, 1905: JHC takes a large party to Conrad City; H.A. Murphy of Pacific Coast Steam Ship Co.; C.S. Barnes and F.W. Fickhardt of WP&YR; W.P. Grainger; Messrs Pooley and Hughes of Caribou.

  • August 18, 1905: surveying underway for Conrad City road (Star)
            - 100,00 feet of outside lumber has been taken to Conrad City on the Gleaner.

  • August 21, 1905: Pooley et al sell 80 acres, etc. to JHC. (GOV1952)
            - 3 feet of solid ruby silver struck on the Uranus claim on the 18th (Star)

  • August 22, 1905: Barney McGee is mayor of Conrad City (Star)

  • August 24, 1905: CCM buys "Vault" (GOV1996,2955)

  • August 29, 1905: W.A. Anderson applies for water, power rights. (GOV1954)

  • July-August 1905: virtually no rain; Dawson placer production way down.

  • September 1, 1905: Edmund Bristol invests in Big Thing Mine, discovered 3 weeks ago (Star)
            - 10 tram stands of 40 finished.
            - HGD to survey Pooley Canyon tramway tomorrow (Star)

  • September 5, 1905: 90,000 feet of cable arrives.
            - Royal N. Riblet is laying out 3 new tramways, on the Vault, Venus, and Big Thing Mine claims; Harry Dickson has a crew surveying the Big Thing tram. Conrad—Bonanza has Vault etc (Star)
            - 5 business lots sold in Conrad City by Singer.

  • September 6, 1905: Hon. Frank Oliver, Min. of Interior, leaves Whse with Major Snyder to visit Windy Arm mines, using the Gladys. Returned September 8 (Star)

  • September 12, 1905: Herman Cane starting on the stone houses at RT.
            - JHC takes old friend H.B. Kelly; Pittsburg coal operator Charles H. Horton; Mr. Armour of Toronto to Windy Arm (Star)

  • September 14, 1905: survey of BC/YT border at Windy Arm ordered; Harry Dickson doing the work (Star)
            - WP&YR surveying Log Cabin/Conrad City/Carcross loop (Star)

  • September 16, 1905: telegraph line construction started.

  • September 19, 1905: Mr. Robeson has bonded Dail & Fleming, is building a large warehouse at foot of trail.
            - Daulton is money behind Dail & Fleming option; paid $105,000 for 80% of properties (MP:41)
            - Chas. Watson is Conrad City townsite agent; lots went on sale September 16, 41 sold in 3 hours at $25-300 (Star)
            - road to Conrad City finished, Robert Lowe lauded

  • September 21, 1905: Bert Wooldridge opening 18x28-foot restaurant at Conrad City.

  • September 26, 1905: Three big-shots from east coast at Conrad City.
            - Stone houses being built at Thistle/Aurora (Star)
            - Conrad Mtn. not being worked.

  • September 27, 1905: H.M. Lay is manager of CIBC, Skagway (Star)
            - First mention of JHC as "Colonel" in Star
            - Too much money available to invest in Windy Arm, says JHC.
            - Commissioner W.W.B. McInnes goes to Conrad City on Gleaner

  • September 28, 1905; rumours that Conrad City is to be new capital (Star)

  • September 30, 1905: stone house at Mountain Hero completed.
            - telegraph line nearly complete, office being built at Conrad City.

  • October 2, 1905: Gold Commissioner Senkler married in Dawson (Star)

  • October 3—7, 1905: JHC in Whse with severe cold.

  • October 4, 1905: JHC building house at Carcross (Star)

  • October 6, 1905: telephone line being installed by Paul Hogan, from Caribou to Conrad City by way of the mines (Star)

  • October 7, 1905: Star has got lot in Conrad City, will open office when size of town justifies.

  • October 10, 1905: JHC sends first message over new telegraph line.

  • October 13, 1905: cable stretching started on Mountain Hero Mine tram. A capstan broke during stretching, not fixed by November 3 (Star)
            - JHC plans 4 more tramways, 3 concentrators and a smelter.
            - heavy snow has halted work on some claims.

  • October 14, 1905: sawmill fire at Carcross

  • October 16, 1905: JHC as philanthropist (Star)

  • October 17, 1905: Indian Reserve #5 established at Carcross; 160 acres, Lots 15 and 16, Group 6 (754) (ref. Map H671)

  • October 19, 1905: 7-mile road built from Carcross to the Big Thing Mine by Sam McGee with 16 men, started September 20 (Star)

  • October 23, 1905: Dr. A.F. Edwards on way to Conrad City to open office

  • October 24, 1905: JHC leaves for Seattle, New York until Jan/O6 (Star)

  • October 30, 1905: Bill Clark interviewed by Star.

  • November 1905: Conrad City has 1 licenced hotel, 2 stores,restaurants, etc. (MP)
            - JHC trying to raise money to build copper smelter at Carcross (MP)
            - WP&YR has carried 385 tons of goods for Conrad City in 1905 (MP)

  • November 1, 1905: Edmund Bristol et al incorp J.H. Conrad Yukon Mines Ltd., and the Windy Arm Syndicate Ltd., in Toronto (Star)
            - Capt. Fitz Horrigan posted to Caribou, covering Conrad City (Star)

  • November 4, 1905: 40 tons of ore shipped south, most to Tacoma, some to Denver to test concentration methods (Star)
            - August Voepel, Maj. Snyder, Robert Lowe incorporate the Voelpel Power, Light, Water and Telephone Co., Ltd. (Star, Nov15)

  • November 8, 1905: G.A. Singer has WP&YR build a new tramway capstan (Star)

  • November 11, 1905: Palmers incorp. Conrad City Water & Supply Co., Conrad City Telephone Syndicate, and Conrad City Electric & Power Co (Star)

  • November 14, 1905: JHC brags to Vancouver Province, but not looking for money (Star)

  • November 25, 1905: Conrad City business men building a trail from Carcross to Conrad City (Star)

  • November 28, 1905: derogatory article in Victoria paper; Windy Arm scam (Star)

  • December 1905: NWMP number 228
            - MP regrets that Americans are profitting in Windy Arm.

  • December 15, 1905: first horse team crosses lake ice to Conrad City.
            - Alex. Chisholm has opened hardware at Conrad City.
            - contract let for building Conrad City dance hall.

  • December 18, 1905: G.A. Singer returns from stockholder‘s meeting in Seattle; company reorganized to build concentrator (Star)

  • 1906: work starts on the Vault (JT)

  • January 6, 1906: Billy Weisdeppe's Diamond W freight line makes round trip from Carcross to Conrad City every day, 11 miles in 2 hours (Star)
            - Principal buildings in Conrad City are:
              * Mine Manager G.A. Singer's office
              * Windy Arm Hotel (Watson & Son)
              * Conrad City Hotel and restaurant (W.Wooldridqe)
              * Alex Chisholm Hardware
              * Hume & Proulx cigar & tobacco shop
              * "Frenchies" general resort & solo emporium
              * laundry and bath house
              * Dominion telegraph office (Jack Hope, Star corresp.)

  • January 8, 1906: Wirt Hansbrough & W. Leithead buy "Ruby Silver", through Windy Arm Mining Co. of Seattle (Star)

  • January 11, 1906: Ruby Silver Mining Company operating (Star)

  • January 18, 1906: JHC & Edmund Bristol secured $1.5 million from London.

  • January 27, 1906: Ross & Cochrane started building hotel in Conrad City (Star)
            - F.W. Farrington built new house to bring his bride to.
            - A. Chausse renovating his building to first-class hotel.

  • January 31, 1906: Weisdeppe busy hauling ore with 4—horse teams, 5 tons per sled (Star)

  • February 3, 1906: Stroller White writes article blasting plan to build dance hall in Conrad City

  • February 5, 1906: G.A. Singer & Mellott building hotel in Conrad City (Star)

  • February 7, 1906: Weisdeppe hauling 5 tons per day, not per trip.
            - Montana Mine working 24 hrs/day, 3000 tons of ore on dump.
            - lots in Conrad City which sold for $150 have resold for $400.

  • February 8, 1906: positive articles in B.C. Mining Exchange, and by Provincial Minerologist (Star)

  • February 19, 1906: Arctic Trading Co open in Conrad City in temporary building (Star)

  • February 20, 1906: no rabbits for sale all winter
            - S.A.D. Bertrand heading to Conrad to arrange for summer wagon road from Carcross.

  • February22, 1906: JHC, from Toronto, buying all available Windy Arm claims.
            - falling tonnage of goods shipped into Yukon (Star)

  • March 8, 1906: RNWMP application for Conrad City land rejected as too valuable. (GOV1954,600). [see Nov. 1/06]

  • March 19, 1906: first hotel in Wynton by W.A. Anderson near complete.

  • March 20, 1906: JHC orders his Carcross house to be enlarged.
            - Carcross Syndicate, Ltd. formed in Toronto. Has at least 4 claims.

  • March 21, 1906: 200 people leaving Dawson to start coffee houses and laundries in Conrad City (Star)

  • March 23, 1906: W.D. Young arrives from east to open reading room.

  • March 26, 1906: Capt Martin laying out townsite on his block to south.
            - Vault and Venus being worked by contract; George Rich on Vault, Fred Whitman the Venus (Star)
            - Businesses in Conrad City:
              * Windy Arm Hotel (Chas.Watson & Son)
              * A. Chisholm Hardware Store (A. Chishoim)
              * Conrad Drug Store (W.A. McKeown)
              * Conrad Restaurant & barber shop (H.M. Wooldridge)
              * Proulx & Hume, tobacconists
              * Arctic Trading Co. in temp bidg (Capt. Martin)
              * Mrs. Dodson, bath house & laundry
              * Japanese restaurant
              * Drueie & Co., furniture
              * Alvilla Chausse, Geo. Curtis finishing Northern Hotel

  • March 30, 1906: 5 buildings going up in Wynton, 3 of them hotels

  • April 7, 1906: list of Conrad contracts in Star

  • April 10-12: "City of Seattle" ful] of equipment For Conrad

  • April 18, 1906: San Francisco earthquake

  • April 23, 1906: Ten Thousand Club formed in Carcross
            - first white child born in Carcross

  • April 27, 1906: to be called Conrad Day (Star, Apr.28)

  • May 11, 1906: telephone system being built
            - Tacoma smelter workers get major improvements in working conditions

  • May 25, 1906: Captain Richards of the Gleaner forces channel open to Conrad City to bring people to Whse for celebrations
            - Fairbanks burns

  • June 1906: Gladys rebuilt and re-launched, put on Carcross-Conrad patrol (MP) [See June 29 Star]

  • June 4, 1906: men clearing for Mary Turner hospital.(GOV1955,619)

  • June 8, 1906: road being built to Venus irom wynton by private donations
            - grand opening of new Yukon Hotel

  • June 9, 1906: Bishop Bompas dies at Carcross

  • June 15, 1906: Archie Gould & W. Simpson buy Wynton hotel (Star)
            - W.H. Jefferies goes to Conrad to open branch of P. Burns & Co. butcher shop.

  • June 18, 1906: CCMCo recorded Venus Group: Venus, Venus No.2, Venus Fraction, Vault, Uranus, M & M, Capella and Mamouth (GOV1996,2955)
            - Montana Group recorded: Montana, Mountain Hero, Joe Petty, Little Johnny, Black Jack

  • June 20, 1906: pack trail from Conrad City to the Big Thing Mine started (JT); Carcross to the Big Thing built Sept20-Oct19, 1905

  • June 29, 1906: S.S. Wright has started a lumber yard at Conrad City (Star)
            - Mabel F. being readied for Conrad City service.
            - Watson & Son building deluxe new hotel [Windy Arm]
            - Yukon Hotel (C. Barnes) & German Bakery Cafe top notch.
            - Sargeant Acklen & Constable Runildson are local NWMP
            - Daulton has 12 men working on Humper/Venus Ext.
            - Wooldridge opening "palatial" restaurant.
            - Northern Hotel (Curtis & Chausse) adding on.
            - June 23, the Gladys arrived on 1st patrol
            - Allan MacDonald has boat—building business
            - 2 corner lots sold for $1800.
            - Mountain Hero Mine tramway has longest span in the world, 2,960 feet.
            - Venus tramway under construction; Vault will be next.
            - camps working at Big Thing Mine, Howard, Vega and Caribou
            - Dr. John Pringle in charge of Prebyterian mission at Conrad City

  • July 1, 1906: Post office opens at Conrad City; James Murray, PM. Quit November 10/07
            - Mining Recorder's office opens at Conrad City

  • July 2, 1906: combined US/Canada celebrations in Conrad City

  • July 6, 1906: Walter Lawrence doing contract work on Vault/Uranus
            - Alaska Governor visits Conrad City.
            - new Windy Arm hotel (C. Watson) progressing
            - Northern Hotel annex open, Chause has sold out to Curtis.
            - Mary Turner's hospital finished, will open soon (Star)
            - E.J. White has started the Conrad Miner newspaper
            - Mr. Gilliam reports 65 men working at Montana Mine; 5Ohp compressor in.
            - Conrad City shouid have school by fall (Star)

  • July 13, 1906: stampede to headwaters of the Watson River (Star).
            - 500 claims recorded in first 90 days (Hurja, 1914)

  • July 20, 1906: JHC escalates Watson stampede, sends in 49 men.

  • July 23, 1906: Mabel F. come to Conrad for the first time

  • July 27, 1906: JHC applies for 160 acres at head of Morrison Ck.

  • August 1906: Venus tramway built, Pelton Water Wheel installed (JT)
            - Carcross—Conrad City road being upgraded, Conrad City~BC built (GOVl9l2)
            - Sisters from Dawson in Conrad City re. hospital (Star, Nov2)

  • August 1, 1906: Conrad Mining District formed. (GOV2034,1729)

  • August 10, 1906: Major Wood says 1000 men in Windy Arm district; only 2 people left in Tagish, but it may boom as well.

  • August 17, 1906: JHC off to Vancouver to meet Wm. Mackenzie

  • August 31, 1906: JHC returns from coast with his 17-yr old son Barnaby.
            - Jerry Doody on photo trip to Windy Arm
            - Vault tramway being built.
            - Conrad City post office can now issue and cash money orders.
            - Federal Railroad Commission meets in Whse to discuss high freight rates.
            - JHC returns from Seattle with "a few bales" of money to work Wheaton, continue Windy Arm

  • September 7, 1906: W. Robison working at Conrad City as painter, paper—hanger.
            - Rev. O'Meara has fancy new house in Conrad City.
            - Gilbert Skelly started work on Carcross—Conrad City road on 3rd.
            - "Conrad News" in the Star now bylined Jas. M. Murray
            - W. Sam McGee working on Venus road

  • September 12, 1906: Mary Turner hospital operating (GOV1955,6l9)

  • September 14, 1906: J.H. Hoare, Hoare & Williams, Mackenzie & Mann agents, in Windy Arm with JT (Star)
            - of 5 births in August in south YT, 2 were in Conrad City.
            - Dr. Kerr, dentist, apparently practising in Conrad City.
            - hard to get enough miners or carpenters.

  • September 16, 1906: Catholic Church at Conrad City dedicated (Star, Oct12)

  • September 21, 1906: Archie Gould has taken over Wooldridge's hotel.
            - Sargeant Ackland took census, found 12 school age children.
            - Mrs. Geo. Curtis went to Whse with daughters for school year.

  • October 1906: JHC has 140 claims in the area (M)

  • October 5, 1906: Yukon hotel has top mixologist, Theo Sweet, Atlin.
            - Sargeant Ackland, in Conrad City for 5 mo., transferred to Whse.
            - heavy snow on mtn., many men laid off, heading outside.

  • October 2, 1906: J.M. Poeley falls against circular saw, hurt bad.
            - Mr. Lute of Mackenzie & Mann is in Windy Arm with JT (Star)
            - new post office open.

  • October 19, 1906: J.P. Rogers leaves as JHC's Mgr, Vance takes over.
            - YT being stripped by headhunters & souvenir hunters.
            - Queen & McPhee, grocers are covering their tent with wood.

  • October 26, 1906: JT sends out negative reports to McK. (JT)
            - Mountain Hero Mine tramway not working (JT)
            - tramway to Vault under construction (JT)

  • November 1, 1906: Conrad City has 2 NWMP, living in a tent.
            - NWMP number 140
            - Myrtle Turner hired as teacher in one of first 3 Assisted Schools.

  • November 2, 1906: Burns & Co. closed for winter
            - JT has former telegraph office set up for winter quarters.
            - Sisters' hospital under construction.

  • November 9, 1906: JHC returns with more material tor Vault tramway; framework already up (Star)

  • November 10, 1906: JHC gets telegram from McK to stop operations. Star suggests that it is to reorganize for smelter (Star, Nov16)

  • November 30, 1906: Dr. Pare and Capt. Horrigan made their weekly visit to Conrad City.
            - H.M. Lay heads east, won't be back to Conrad City.

  • December 21, 1906: JHC wires from Toronto - Venus, Vault & Montana Mine back at work; Big Thing Mine should be in a few days.

  • 1907: work on Conrad Mines has been "limited":15~3O men (MP)
            - Livingstone Creek is richest in YT (MP)
            - Conrad City NWMP closed

  • February 15, 1907: T.M. Daulton offers to buy Bill Anderson's Wynton hotel & ranch.
            - Fred Ronkendorl of Yukon Hotel, leaves forever.
            - lower tunnel at Vault coming along well.

  • May 31, 1907: Mining Recorder's office moved to Carcross (Star)

  • June 7, 1907: Yukon Hotel apparently bankrupt (Star)

  • June 21, 1907: Mabel F making daily trips to Conrad City (Star)
            - Charlie Watson's Windy Arm Hotel still the best in North.

  • June 30, 1907: Conrad school officially closes.

  • July 19, 1907: JHC working on Big Thing Mine, Can.—Yukon and CCCo properties, but pushing Wheaton—Watson (Star)

  • July 26, 1907: Kennedy & Parks checking out JHC's mines (Star)
            - Venus shipping, new bunkhouse being built (Star)
            - Hugh Hamilton buried in Conrad City, above the powder house 1/2 mile north of town.

  • August 2, 1907: Watson's Windy Arm the only hotel in Conrad City
            - Arctic Trading doing well in Conrad City.

  • August 30, 1907: JHC leaves for the winter, for NY etc.(Star)

  • September 13, 1907: Mining Recorder Percy Reid busy, but with Wheaton records (Star)
            - a hotel licence costs $250 in Conrad City, $500 in Whse, $700 in Dawson)

  • September 20, 1907: C.J. Grace of Toronto in Windy Arm to check his mines (Star)

  • October 4, 1907: E.J. Hamacher in Conrad City photographing (Star)

  • October 8, 1907: R.C. Miller doesn't think much of Conrad City potential (GOV1953,560)

  • October 11, 1907: Venus closes until spring (Star)

  • October 18, 1907: Capt. Martin and family off to Victoria for a few months (until April 18, 1908).

  • October 25, 1907: Payment must be made for Venus on Nov. 1 (Star)

  • November 1, 1907: NWMP number 93

  • November 10, 1907: James Murray quits as Postmaster. Frank McPhee takes over February 18, 1908

  • 1908: Anglo—American Consolidated Mining Co. controls Beach, Red Deer, Humper No.1, Venus Ext. (GSC)
            - Venus concentrator opens (MP)
            - JHC has Riblet survey tramway over Chilkoot (MP)

  • January 15, 1908: R.C. Miller says Conrad City lots have no value. (GOV1953,560)

  • January 24, 1908: H.W. Vance has bought concentrator for Venus (Star)
            - Mr. Hoare is resident manager of Company in Conrad City.

  • February 18, 1908: Frank McPhee takes over Conrad City post office; dies June 29, 19O9.

  • March 27, 1908: Fred Whitman one of the most experienced hard-rocks, is now at Conrad City (Star)
            - headhunters wiping out game around Carcross.

  • April 17, 1908: Capt. Martin reopens store at Conrad City (Star)

  • June 19, 1908: Venus concentrator being built, but dock too small.
            - R.C. Miller's family returns after 2 year absence.

  • July 3, 1908: JHC returns after raising $600,000. Has bought out Mackenzie except in Venus (Star)
            - got more money for his Porcupine mines as we1i.
            - JHC says the recesion is over (Star)

  • September 1, 1908: JHC cancels Conrad waterfront application.

  • September 4, 1908: JHC investing heavily in Wheaton, Porcupine (Star)

  • September 18, 1908: JHC buys Dail & Fleming property (Star)

  • September 25, 1908: Mr. Woods, machinist, injured building Venus concentrator, nearly complete (Star)
            - Big Thing Mine to resume operations (Star)

  • October 2, 1908: JHC in Carcross with Riblet and cousins Hunters.
            - JHC in Dawson looking at hydraulics for Porcupine (Star)

  • October 9, 1908: JHC to build tramway across Chiikoot (Star)

  • October ]6, 1908: Venus concentrator finished.
            - H.W. Vance is from Iowa (Star)
            - Big Thing Mine opening after 2 years idle (Star)

  • November 1, 1908: NWMP number 79

  • 1909: Big Thing & Venus being worked, tramway from Big Thing Mine to Lake Bennett surveyed (MP)
            - Daulton operating the Dail & Fleming properties as "Empire" (MP)
            - only 12 people in Conrad City (UK)

  • January 15, 1909: Venus concentrator shut down because of breakdown. Operations resume February 15 (Star).

  • March 1909: new 2-room house on lot in Whse for sale for $500.

  • April 2, 1909: JHC in New York buying mining equipment, probably for Porcupine property (Star).

  • June 28, 1909: Conrad City Postmaster Frank McPhee dies. Mary Turner takes over May 1, 1910. Post office closes Dec. 10, 1910.

  • September 30, 1909: NWMP number 74

  • March 15, 1910: JHC marries 38-year-old Nellie Robertson in Iowa.

  • Apr. 8, 1910: JHC and Edmund Bristol combine claims as BYGM (GOV1997,2997)

  • July 13, 1910: Edmund Bristol and JHC partners in Fairpiay, Westover, Thistle, Aurora, Columbian, T&B and Glacial Lake (GOV1997,2981)

  • December 10, 1910: Post office closes at Conrad.

  • 1911: remarkable deveLopments at Big Thing Mine; power p1ant installed, 100 men working (MP)

  • 1912: MCK forecloses on JHC

  • January 19, 1912: Big Thing Mine aCtive1y working; 30-4O men cutting 2-3,000 cords of wood for power plants (Star)

  • February 2, 1912: "Cat" lost through ice hauling wood to Big Thing Mine.(Star)

  • March 29, 1912: Main ore body finally struck at Big Thing Mine (Star)
            - Foreman is Wm. H. Ireland, with 75 men
            - Dail & Fleming are working the Humper Group.

  • June 21, 1912: JHC comp1aininq about high WP&YR rates (Star)
            - JHC leaving for outside, won't be back until he can operate here at a profit (Star)
            - Big Thing Mine closes (Star)

  • July 12, 1912: Ireland working at Big Thing Mine on contract (Star)
            - JHC left on 10th for Porcupine (Star)

  • August 16, 1912: JHC buys more Porcupine claims (Star)

  • September 27, 1912: E.J. Prou1x and Carl Faulk now fox—farming at Carcross.(Star)

  • March 14, 1913: Fleming—Dail Mining Co. operating on Windy Arm (Star)

  • July 10, 1914: Conrad City now abandoned (Star)

  • August 3, 1914: Percy Reid now working at Emigration Branch, Ottawa (GOV1997,3416)

  • January 21, 1916: Silver Queen & Ruby Silver operating on east side of Lake Bennett, 5 mi. north of Bennett (Star)

  • February 21, 1917: Alaska Corp. applies as YT Co. to run the Big Thing Mine (GOV1920)

  • March 31, 1917: Venus No.2 operated by Lackinaw & Tagish Mines (GOV1990,758)

  • May 8, 1917: John Warne working on Venus concentrator; should be operating in a week (Star)

  • November 30, 1917: Venus operated by Harper Mines (GOV1990,950)

  • February 28, 1918: MP report on strike at Venus re. non-payment (GOV1923)

  • September 5, 1918: Harper closes Venus (GOV1990,950)

  • November 19, 1919: Montana—Yukon Mining Co. incorporates in YT

  • 1923: operations cease on Venus until 1966 (UK)

  • November 27, 1928: J.H. Conrad dies in Seattle of cancer.