When the map below was published in 1914, the Yukon Territory and Alaska were in a period of transition from the boom days of the Klondike and Nome gold rushes as well as many smaller rushes. Improving transportation infrastructure also played a large part in changing population centres - the Whitehorse to Dawson Overland Trail doesn't appear on the map, perhaps because its use was largely seasonal, but had been built in 1902.
The population of the entire Yukon Territory in the 1911 census was 8,512 - down dramatically from the 1901 figure of 27,219. The population of Alaska in 1910 was 64,356 - up slightly from the 1900 figure of 63,592. In 1910, Fairbanks was the largest town in Alaska, with 3,541 people and an additional 4,134 in surrounding settlements. The population of Skagway had plummeted to 858.
Note in particular:
- the many post offices and telegraph stations that no longer exist.
- the proposed Alaska Midland Railroad from Haines to Fairbanks.
- the spur line of the White Pass & Yukon Route railway running into the Whitehorse Copper Belt (Carr Glynn and Pueblo).
- the Klondike Mines Railway running into the gold fields from Dawson City (that line was abandoned in the fall of 1913).